Invensjoner - 15 tostemte polyfone satser for klaviaturinstrumenter


Invensjoner BWV 772 - 786 fra Clavier-Büchlein vor Wilhelm Friedemann Bach

Klavierbüchlein für Wilhelm Friedemann Bach (originaltittel Clavier-Büchlein vor Wilhelm Friedemann Bach) er en samling mindre komposisjoner Bach satte sammen som et hjelpemiddel i undervisningen av sin eldste sønn, Wilhelm Friedemann Bach. Verket er skrevet for ulike klaviaturinstrumenter, hovedsakelig klavikord og cembalo.

Bach noterte oppstartdatoen 22. januar 1720 på tittelbladet; da var Wilhelm Friedemann drøyt ni år gammel. De fleste stykkene er tidlige versjoner av stykker i samlingen Das Wohltemperierte Klavier og Inventionen und Sinfonien. I tillegg finnes noen suiter av andre komponister og flere enkeltsatser, hvorav mange med omstridt komponist; til dels er det nok snakk om komposisjonsforsøk av Wilhelm Friedemann.

Kilde: Wikipedia

Invensjoner  = Oppfinnelser

The Inventions and Sinfonias is a collection of short pieces Bach wrote for the musical education of his young pupils. These are among the finest examples of artistic gems ever written for this purpose, and probably because of this, they became very popular among Bach's pupils and others ever since they were written.


All of Bach   -   dokumentar og alle 15 invensjoner


Bach did not make things easy for his pupils in their first lessons.

No piece of music can do without ingenious ideas or inventions. But the name invention is also used for a very special genre with a colourful history, to which Bach's 15 short keyboard pieces also belong.
Like the ricercares of the Renaissance and early Baroque, Bach's 15 inventions are experiments (here very concise ones) on a musical idea, a theme and a new way of combining lines. In tiny doses, the player can thus familiarise himself with the effect of music and with Bach's genius.

Bach's 15 inventions are in the Klavierbüchlein, the exercise book that Bach compiled around 1720 for his eldest son, Wilhelm Friedemann. Three years later, he further underlined his didactic aim: the pupil was to practice two-part playing, learn how to deal with musical ideas and get a taste of composition. The 15 inventions were therefore the first step in Bach's teaching method for keyboard. The 15 inventions are followed in the Klavierbüchlein by the French and English Suites, and the collection concludes with Das Wohltemperirte Clavier.

The 15 inventions are dominated by imitation, as is to be expected in two-part Baroque music. After all, two-part texture is the simplest form of counterpoint. Bach went on to structure his method with care. In the exercise book for Wilhelm Friedemann, he organised the inventions by theme: the first three (numbers 1, 4 and 7) are based on scales, and the next three (numbers 8, 10 and 11) on broken chords, followed by a combination of both in Invention no. 14, which is almost a fugue in form.

The order in Bach's later, definitive manuscript from 1723, however, corresponds to the system of the keyboard. Just as later on, in Das Wohltemperirte Clavier, the order is chromatic, alternating between major and minor. Bach did, however, leave out the most difficult keys with lots of sharps or flats. Beginners on the keyboard only got those keys dished up later on.

Kilde: All of Bach

The autograph fair copy in the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin begins with the following description of the work:
The autograph fair copy in the Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin begins with the following description of the work:

Straightforward Instruction, in which amateurs of the keyboard, and especially the eager ones, are shown a clear way not only (1) of learning to play cleanly in two voices, but also, after further progress, (2) of dealing correctly and satisfactorily with three obbligato parts; at the same time not only getting good inventiones, but developing the same satisfactorily, and above all arriving at a cantabile manner in playing, all the while acquiring a strong foretaste of composition. 

Provided Anno Christi 1723. by
Joh. Seb. Bach:
Capellmeister to
his Serene Highness the Prince of Anhalt-Cöthen.  

Invention No. 1 in C major, BWV 772

Invention No. 2 in C minor, BWV 773

Invention No. 3 in D major, BWV 774

Invention No. 4 in D minor, BWV 775

Invention No. 5 in E flat major, BWV 776

Invention No. 6 in E major, BWV 777

Invention No. 7 in E minor, BWV 778

Invention No. 8 in F major, BWV 779

Invention No. 9 in F minor, BWV 780

Invention No. 10 in G major, BWV 781

Invention No. 11 in G minor, BWV 782

Invention No. 12 in A major, BWV 783

Invention No. 13 in A minor, BWV 784

Invention No. 14 in B flat major, BWV 785

Invention No. 15 in B minor, BWV 786

Maria Cefalà

Discovering Bach

"Atypisk pianist og musikkolog

Bachiana, utelukkende

Den andre siden av klassikeren"

Dette skriver den italienske pianisten Maria Cefalà i sin profil på Instagram, og dette er en "lissepasning" til konseptuelle og moderne tanker i ånd med "Bach in Town". Hun har dykket ned i Bachs partitaer og inventioner med et nytt moderne blikk!

Maria Cefalà

Discovering Bach

Debut album for this powerful and emotional pianist, that celebrates the genious of Bach, in a peculiar and italian way. Intensity at the purest level. 

NB! Trykk på bildet av albumet for mer informasjon om Maria Cefalà sine konserter med Bachs Invensjoner og Italiensk konsert fredag 1. september og Partita no 4 og 5 lørdag 2 september i Moss. Fredag 1. september er det også en gratis Workshop om og med hennes prosjekt "Discovering Bach".

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